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2023/24 P11Ds and PSAs: Deadlines for submission

Robin Newman, Senior Manager, Workforce Advisory
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The deadline for submitting and paying P11Ds and PAYE Settlement Agreements (PSAs) for the 2023/24 tax year is not far away.

P11Ds are prepared when employees are provided with taxable benefits throughout the tax year. Class 1A National Insurance Contributions (NIC) is payable by the employer currently at 13.8% of the benefit, while the employee will pay tax on the benefit, once the P11Ds are submitted and HMRC have updated the employee’s tax code and/or raised an assessment.

PSA’s allow employers to report and pay tax on benefits provided to staff, to ensure employees are not financially disadvantaged. Benefits that can be included on a PSA must be minor, irregular or impracticable to report on an individual’ P11D. New categories for PSA’s should be agreed with HMRC, prior to an expense or benefit being provided.

When to settle liabilities

Employers must settle the Class 1A NIC on the taxable benefits they give to employees. Employers can pay this online by bank transfer, direct debit, or with a credit card or corporate credit card. The liability can also be paid by cheque through the post or telephone banking. For the 2023/24 tax year this must be paid by 22 July 2024 if paying online or 19 July 2024, if paying by post.

Tax and Class 1B NIC relating to PSA’s is due for payment by 22 October 2024, if paying online or 19 October 2024, if paying by post. 

P11D 2023/24 key deadlines

Please see the following deadlines for your P11Ds for the 2023/24 tax year.

Deadline Date Comments 
5 April 2024 End of 2023/24 tax year. 
6 July 2024 Submit your P11D forms for tax year 2023/24 to HMRC.
Provide your employees with a copy of their respective P11Ds.
Tell HMRC the amount of Class 1A National Insurance you owe with form P11D(b).
19 July 2024 If paying by cheque, pay Class 1A National Insurance.
22 July 2024 If paying online, pay Class 1A National Insurance.

PSA 2023/24 key deadlines

Please see the following timeline including deadlines for the 2023/24 tax year.

Deadline Date Comments
5 April 2024 End of 2023/24 tax year.
5 July 2024 Apply to HMRC for a PSA for the first time, or to request an additional category to be added to an existing PSA.
31 July 2024 Submit your PSA for tax year 2023/24 to HMRC.
19 October 2024 If paying by cheque, pay tax and Class 1B National Insurance owed.
22 October 2024 If paying online, pay tax and Class 1B National Insurance owed.

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Points to note when compiling information for P11Ds and PSAs

Electric Range for ULEVs are now reportable

Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) are cars with approved CO2 emission figures of 1 to 50g/km. Along with the year of registration, the percentage BIK is now based on the ‘electric range’. This is the distance the car can travel on electric power before its batteries need recharging. This figure will now need to be reported on P11Ds. The specific percentages can be found here.

The Official Rate of Interest

The Official Rate of Interest (ORI) is 2.25% for the 2023/24 tax year. This rate is used to calculate the taxable benefit of taxable employer-provided accommodation and, on employer provided loans in excess of £10,000.

COVID-19 provisions

The concessionary treatment with respect to an exemption from tax and NIC, covering any home office equipment purchased by employees and reimbursed by employers came to an end in 2022.

Availability of company cars

If a vehicle was not used privately during a period in the tax year, there may be an opportunity to reduce the benefit in kind charge.

A car or van benefit is not charged for periods of unavailability to the employee for private use. As long as the period lasts for 30 or more consecutive days, the car benefit is reduced in proportion to the number of days when the car is unavailable. However, to prove that the vehicle was not available for private use, HMRC would want assurance that an employee had no way of driving the vehicle during the period. This may have been for example because they handed their keys back to their employer. Otherwise, regardless of whether the car is actually being used, it is considered to be available for private use, hence taxable and reportable on the employee’s form P11D.

If you would like assistance in checking your P11D and PSA forms before submission to HMRC, Crowe can assist. Please get in touch with your usual Crowe contact.

Contact us

Dinesh Jangra
Dinesh (Dino) Jangra
Partner, Workforce Advisory