It should be noted that over the past three years, the EU has continued to intensify its work on sealing the VAT system for e-commerce. One of the fundamental actions of the Commission in this area was the introduction of the so-called VAT e-commerce package. With the e-commerce package, tax settlements in e-commerce were changed and a number of new solutions were introduced, for example:
The aim of the implemented solutions was to seal the VAT system in e-commerce.
CESOP is a long abbreviation for Central Electronic System of Payment information. The idea for such a solution was developed after the implementation of the VAT e-commerce package into the European legal system. At present, EU Member States do not have the possibility to verify the fulfilment of tax obligations by entities selling goods within the EU but established outside the Community. According to the European Court of Auditors, the solutions introduced in the area of e-commerce have so far been insufficient to tighten the VAT system. The answer to this problem is to be found in CESOP.
According to Regulation 904/2010 added by the CESOP Regulation, each Member State shall, no later than from 1 January 2024, collect information on payees and payments, from payment service providers:
a) no later than by the end of the month following the end of the calendar quarter to which the information relates;
b) by means of a standardised electronic form.
The Polish legislator is implementing CESOP through amendments to the Value Added Tax Act. According to the provisions adopted by the Sejm, an obligation is set out for payment service providers to keep electronic records of payment recipients and cross-border payments in relation to the payment services provided, for each quarter, if they provide payment services which correspond to more than 25 cross-border payments to the same payment recipient during the quarter. A payment is considered to be a cross-border payment if the payer and the payee are located in the territory of different Member States or if the payee is located in the territory of a third country.
The obligation to send information to the Head of KAS on executed payment services was included in the amendment of the Banking Act.
The new regulations come into force on 1 January 2024.
The legislative process on the website of the Senate of the Republic of Poland: Senate of the Republic of Poland / Works / Legislative process in the Senate / Acts passed by the Sejm
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