On 8 October, Poland and 135 countries issued a joint declaration within the framework of the OECD's BEPS 2.0 (Base Erosion and Profit Shifting) project to combat aggressive international tax optimisation.
The Deputy Minister of Finance has unveiled the principles of this international agreement, which forms the basis for the creation of legal regulations on the taxation of technology companies and is another step in the fight against tax havens. The agreement includes two pillars.
The first pillar requires the 100 largest global companies to pay their fair share of tax regardless of where they operate and generate profits. As a result, over 125 billion dollars of profits from the 100 largest and most profitable corporations will be reallocated to other countries around the world.
According to the Deputy Finance Minister, the entities covered by the first pillar will be selected on the basis of thresholds and criteria agreed between countries, while the exact scope of activities of these companies will be determined soon and then we will know the specific data.
The second pillar involves reforming the international tax system by implementing legislation imposing a minimum tax rate of 15% on global companies. This pillar also focuses on fighting against so-called tax havens.
The Deputy Minister said that the proceeds from the taxation of the largest companies will feed into the Treasury and will be used for any purpose that serves the citizens. The global minimum tax for companies operating globally is to be paid according to the following principle:
The global minimum tax is therefore intended to be a so-called equalisation tax, and its introduction is intended to make the tax systems of different countries more equal.
At the same time, Poland strived during the talks to maintain competitiveness by excluding from minimum global taxation companies with real economic activity, the so-called substance-based carve-out, to the greatest extent possible. As a result of the negotiations, a protection mechanism was successfully negotiated, thanks to which the taxation of foreign companies investing in Poland and conducting actual business activity here will not be increased.
In 2020, CIT revenues in Poland amounted to PLN 52.6 billion. At that time, 36 companies paid tax exceeding PLN 100 million.