8 Tips to Get You Ahead this Tax Season in Canada

Jennifer Mendes
Insights
| 1/16/2022

Filing your personal taxes properly is vital to avoid extra fees and to ensure you receive all deductions available for your tax return. Jennifer Mendes, Senior Manager in Kelowna, provides useful insight to filing your taxes. 

Below are 8 areas to focus on when preparing to file your taxes. 

1. Review your prior year’s tax return

Reviewing your prior years’ tax return will help you to see what slips (T4, T4a, T5, T3, etc.) you require, ensuring you don’t miss any in the upcoming tax season. Beware, the CRA will charge penalties on any income slips missed and the penalty gets more severe with each subsequent year this occurs. 

Keep in mind that all slips must be issued by February 28, with the exception for T3 and T5013 slips, which need to be issued by March 31.

2. Tax credits vs tax deductions: What are they and what’s applicable to you?

A tax credit can be nonrefundable or refundable. A nonrefundable tax credit can only reduce the amount of taxes owing. In the case of a refundable tax credit, you will receive any amount leftover of the balance of the credit back. With a tax deduction, however, you can’t get money back but it will reduce your taxable income dollar-for-dollar.

There are many tax credits and deductions available based on individual situations (some of them are the disability tax credit, work from home tax credit, and sales tax credit). To find out what tax credits and deductions may be available to you please go to the CRA website.

3. Change in address, marital status, or dependents? Let your accountant know

If you have had a change of address, marital status, and/or had or adopted a child please inform your accountant so that the appropriate updates can be made. Some of these changes will cause the adjustment of benefits and credits you will receive as well as ensure payments are received without delays.

4. Prepare summaries and organize your receipts

The more organized things come into your tax preparer the more efficiently it can be prepared, which can save you money in tax preparation fees. Use the Crowe MacKay Tax Organizer to help organize your taxes in the most effective and efficient manner.

Download Crowe MacKay's Tax Organizer

5. The principal residence exemption: What is it and how does it apply to you? 

A principal residence is a housing unit and can be any of the following: house, cottage, condominium, apartment in an apartment building or duplex, trailer, mobile home, or houseboat. 

Generally, reporting the sale of your principal residence for individuals is a non-taxable event. In most cases, however, after the sale of your principal residence, the CRA requires you to disclose basic information on your income tax and benefit return such as year of the sale, year of purchase, address of residence, and proceeds on the sale. Disclosing this information will allow you to claim the full exemption and avoid paying the capital gains tax on your principal residence.

6. File your tax return on time

There are two major personal tax deadlines that are dependent on being an individual or a self-employed sole proprietor. 

Tax filing deadline for individuals

Canadians employed by an employer will receive a T4 form from the business of which they work. In these cases, individuals have the deadline of April 30 to file their taxes. 

Tax deadline for self-employed sole proprietors

Canadians who are self-employed sole proprietors have until June 15 to file their taxes. This deadline is also applicable to the individual's spouse or common-law partner. However, any payments due must be paid by April 30. If the balance remains unpaid after this date, the CRA will start to charge interest on any owing amounts.

7. Claiming medical expenses on taxes

When it comes to claiming medical expenses on your taxes, keep good records and receipts throughout the year. However, a time saving tip is to ask your pharmacy or chiropractor for an annual statement, this way you don’t have to save the receipts during the year. For more details on what can be claimed, see the CRA’s eligible medical expense you can claim on your tax return.

8. How long do I need to keep receipts and supporting documentation from my taxes?

It is recommended to keep your receipts for taxes and supporting documentation for at least 6 years. The reason being is the CRA may ask for documents as proof of any deductions or credits you claimed. Documents can include:

  • Tax Returns
  • T4 Forms
  • Annual Mortgage Statements
  • Receipts and statements for tax returns including donations, RESP and RRSP contributions, child care receipts, mortgage interest, medical expenses, property tax payments, alimony/child support paid or received, etc.

 

This article has been published for general information. You should always contact your trusted advisor for specific guidance pertaining to your individual tax needs. This publication is not a substitute for obtaining personalized advice.


If you are looking for Tax Services, Crowe MacKay provides personalized support. If you want to know how to maximize tax returns in Canada, our tax professionals will help you find deduction opportunities and ensure the minimum amount required by law is paid.

Jennifer Mendes joined Crowe MacKay in October 2014 and works primarily with owner-managed businesses in a variety of industries providing tax, accounting, and assurances services. Jen provides corporate and personal tax compliance services, as well as personal tax planning with a focus on privately held businesses. She practices in many industries with a focus in wineries, fitness, and health services.
Jennifer Mendes
Jennifer Mendes
Senior Manager
Kelowna

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