In 2024, RO e-Transport is mandatory for all goods


Starting from January 1st, 2024, among the changes brought by the Government Emergency Ordinance no. 115 / 2023 (the most important presented by Crowe here), the provisions of Government Emergency Ordinance 41/2022 regarding certain aspects of the implementation of the RO e-Transport system have been modified.

The most significant change is that, starting this year, the RO e-Transport system applies to all types of goods subject to international transport (not just those with high tax risk).

The obligation to declare data for the international transports of goods falls on the following users:

  • the consignee listed in the customs declaration of import, or the consignor listed in the customs declaration of export, for goods subject to import/export operations;
  • the beneficiary in Romania, for EU intra-community acquisitions of goods;
  • the supplier in Romania, for EU intra-Community deliveries of goods;
  • the depositary, in the case of goods subject to intra-community transactions in transit, both for goods unloaded on Romanian territory for storage or for those forming a new transport from one or more batches, as well as for goods loaded after storage or after the formation of a new transport on national territory from one or more batches.

We remind you that in the e-Transport system one declares data regarding: the sender and the beneficiary, the name, characteristics, quantities, and value of the transported goods, loading and unloading locations, details about the means of transport used. Based on this information, the RO e-Transport system will generate a unique code for the transported goods, called the UIT code, which must be made available to the driver.

Also, we remind you that only categories of road vehicles with an authorized maximum mass of at least 2.5 tons and transporting goods with a total gross mass of over 500 kg or a total value of at least 10,000 lei for each commercial relationship are subject to monitoring in the RO e-Transport system.

Another novelty is that transport operators must equip vehicles with satellite positioning devices and ensure the transfer of the vehicle's positioning data, throughout the whole transport route. The driver of the vehicle has to start the positioning device before starting transport on national territory and to stop it only after delivery or after leaving Romania.

Not complying with these new obligations will be sanctioned starting July 1st, 2024.

Thus, we can conclude that for the transport of goods with high fiscal risk, the UIT code must be obtained regardless of whether the transport is national or international (as it was until now), but in addition, the UIT code must be obtained for other goods if they are part of an international transport.



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