Film financing section 481 - Crowe Ireland

Updates to Section 481 film relief from Finance Bill 2018

Film financing section 481 - Crowe Ireland
Finance Bill 2018 sets out a number of anticipated changes to the section 481 scheme. Under Section 481, a company which produces a film can claim a payable tax credit of 32% of eligible expenditure, subject to certain limits. This is a valuable support to aid film financing in Ireland for qualifying productions.
The scheme is to be extended from end-2020 to end-2024. This is good news for the Irish film and television industry as it continues to compete with other locations offering similar incentives to international film and television producers.

Increase in credits available

From 1 January 2019, there will be an increase of 5% in the value of a film relief credit for the production of a qualifying film in an “assisted region” as defined by Department of Business, Enterprise and Innovation. The relief will phase out on a tiered basis over 4 years, with an uplift of 5% available in 2019 and 2020, 3% in 2021 and 2% in 2022 (subject to certain criteria).

Qualifying expenditure

The credit is due on whichever is the lowest of the eligible Irish expenditure (including the cost of international cast and crew working in the State), 80 per cent of the total production costs (including overseas expenses), or €70 million.
Eligible expenditure has been directly defined under the Finance Bill 2018. It is defined as the portion of the total cost of production of a qualifying film that is expended on the production of the film in the State.
Total cost of production is defined as expenditure that is wholly, exclusively and necessarily incurred to produce the film.

Administrative changes

In order to address concerns in relation to the operation of the film relief, this section also provides for a number of administrative changes to ensure the credit operates in an efficient manner.
The credit is to be moved to a self-assessment footing to put the credit inside the normal penalty and prosecution regime where an incorrect claim is made.
The producer company is required to make an application for certification in advance of commencing production.
Currently the application is made to Revenue who then passed on the relevant parts to the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. It is proposed that the process should be separated between both agencies to ensure the credit certification process runs in a more efficient manner.
At present Section 481 requires that a producer company employs a certain number of trainees on a production for which the relief is received. Finance Bill 2018 indicated that there will be changes to the administration of the training component of the scheme.
In order to be eligible a producer company cannot be an ‘undertaking in difficulty’*
We help our clients to bring a project from inception to the big and small screen. If you are embarking on a film-related project and would like assistance with your film financing contact our Film, Media & Creative Industries team.
*An undertaking in difficulty is defined as a company where more than half of its subscribed share capital has disappeared as a result of accumulated losses or where the undertaking is subject to collective insolvency proceedings or fulfills the criteria under its domestic law for being placed in collective insolvency proceedings at request of its creditors.