Country Profile

About Qatar
Country Profile 2


Country Profile

Qatar is a Peninsula of 11,521 sq. km. located halfway down the west coast of the Arabian Gulf. The country is centrally placed 
among the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which groups it with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the United Arab 
Emirates (UAE) and Oman. The official language of the country is Arabic, but English is widely spoken and understood. 
Qatar is an oil and gas rich nation, with the third largest gas reserves, and having one of the highest GDP per capita in the 
world. Qatar is the world’s largest exporter of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and a world leader in Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) 
production. While oil and gas will probably remain the backbone of Qatar’s economy for some time to come, the country seeks to 
stimulate the private sector and develop a “knowledge economy”. In 2004, it established the Qatar Science & Technology Park to 
attract and serve technology-based companies and entrepreneurs, from overseas and within Qatar. Qatar also established Education 
City, which consists of international colleges. 

The Emir, His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, became ruler of Qatar on 25 June 2013 after his father, His Highness 
Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa, stepped down and handed over the power to him. His father, His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa assumed power on 27th June 1995 and has led Qatar into a new era of modernization, which has resulted in rapid development and wealth. Qatar aims to become a role model for economic and social transformation in the region. Large-scale investments in all social and economic sectors will also lead to the development of a strong financial market.
It is, however, in sporting events and the world of media that Qatar’s name is being publicized the most. The 2006 Asian Games 
was the first big sporting event held in Qatar. Today, Doha hosts various top-level tennis, golf and motor-racing events. Qatar 
hosted the 2011 AFC Asian cup and will host the 2022 Football World Cup.

• Capital City: Doha  
• Time Zone: +3 GMT 
• Currency: Rials (QAR)  
• Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language 
• Country Code: 974 
• Voltage: 240