Reference: Law 207/2015
According to the provisions of the article 82 of Law 207/2015 regarding the Tax Procedure Code, any individual or legal entity subject to a fiscal and legal relation has the obligation to register for tax purposes in Romania.
Who has the obligation to register
Non-resident individuals and legal entities have the obligation to register for tax purposes if they derive from Romania income subject to withholding tax, such as:
The obligation to register is also maintained if the income from dividends, interests or royalties is tax exempted according to the European law provisions (participation exemption).
Tax registration is made by submitting to the tax authorities the form 015 “Taxpayer registration form for non-residents taxpayers with no permanent establishment in Romania” by the non-resident legal entities, and form 030 “Taxpayer registration form for natural persons without a personal identification number” by the non-resident individuals.
The tax registration request - form 015 and form 030, must be accompanied by supporting documents regarding the incomes obtained in Romania, for example contracts for the services rendered, management contracts, loan agreements etc.
The obligation to register for tax purposes rests with the non-resident. However, the Romanian income payer it is allowed to request the tax authority, on behalf of the nonresident and based on its agreement, to grant the Fiscal Identification Code. In this case, the income payer will submit same documents previously mentioned, without the requirement of presenting a power of attorney from the non-resident.
The obligation of the income payer–
The Romanian legal entity paying the income has the obligation to declare annually the incomes obtained by the non-residents and the taxes withheld through the form 207 “Informative statement regarding the tax withheld/ exempt income, for non-resident income beneficiaries”. The statement will also contain all non-resident identification data, including the fiscal registration code in Romania. Please note that this is mandatory information in the absence of which the statement cannot be submitted.
The form 207 has the deadline for submission the last day of February of the current year for the previous year. Being included in the category of informative statements, missing submission it is sanctioned by a fine of RON 12,000 to RON 14,000 for medium and large taxpayers, respectively by a fine of RON 2,000 to RON 3,500 for small taxpayers.
Although the obligation of non-residents to register for tax purposes in Romania is very old, until this year the lack of registration had no tax consequences for the Romanian legal entities paying the income. However, the tax authorities have seriously drawn attention that 2016 was the last year in which the 207 statement could be filed without completing the fiscal registration code in Romania of non-residents.
Therefore, we recommend to all the Romanian legal entities which perform payments to non-residents for the types of incomes previously mentioned, to request from the latter to register for tax purposes in Romania.
The information in this newsletter is intended to give you an overview of legislative news; the newsletter does not contain a complete analysis of each topic. For more information about the subjects presented, please contact us. We do not accept any responsibility for decisions or omissions followed by the use of the content of this newsletter. All Boscolo&Partners newsletters are available at the following address: http://www.crowehorwath.ro.
Boscolo & Partners